Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway Inc. struck a deal to buy one of the country’s biggest power-transmission companies, cementing electricity as one of the conglomerate’s largest businesses.
Berkshire said it would buy bankrupt Energy Future Holdings Corp. for $9 billion in cash, giving Mr. Buffett its Texas-based Oncor. Including debt, the deal has an enterprise value of about $18 billion, according to a person familiar with the matter.
The acquisition, which The Wall Street Journal had reported was imminent on Thursday, would be one of Berkshire’s largest ever and its biggest since the $32 billion purchase of Precision Castparts Corp. in 2016.
As part of Berkshire, Oncor would expand the portfolio of Greg Abel, the 55-year-old chief executive of Berkshire Hathaway Energy. Mr. Abel is considered a leading candidate to succeed Mr. Buffett as CEO of Berkshire.
Oncor is owned by Energy Future, formerly TXU, which was the subject of the biggest leveraged buyout on record in 2007. Laden with debt, Energy Future filed for bankruptcy protection in 2014.
Oncor would mesh well with Mr. Buffett’s energy ambitions. Berkshire Hathaway Energy, formerly known as MidAmerican Energy Holdings Co., contributed about 9.5% of Berkshire Hathaway’s earnings of $24.07 billion last year. Berkshire Hathaway Energy said it is the second-biggest utility in the U.S. by 2016 net income, serving customers in 18 Western and Midwestern states as well as in the U.K. and Canada.
Mr. Buffett has lauded his utilities businesses as investments that require routine reinvestment but also generate consistent returns. In addition to utilities, Berkshire’s businesses include insurers and a railroad. Berkshire also makes large stock investments.
Utilities are also considered safe investments by ratings firms, helping support Berkshire’s overall credit rating. And the energy unit receives tax credits for its investments in renewable energy that it can apply to the conglomerate’s massive balance sheet.
“We will continue to buy and build utility operations throughout the world for decades to come,” Mr. Buffett wrote in his 2014 letter to shareholders.
Oncor is an electricity mover, transmitting power over 121,000 miles of lines across the largest electrical-distribution network in Texas, according to the company.
Energy Future has spent the past three-plus years in one of the largest-ever bankruptcy proceedings. KKR & Co., TPG and Goldman Sachs Group Inc.’s private-equity arm led the $32 billion takeover of TXU, which became Energy Future. When the deal was announced in 2007, the buyers were betting that natural-gas prices would rise, but they tumbled amid a boom in shale-gas production.
The drop in natural gas caused electricity prices to fall in Texas, resulting in billions of dollars of losses for Energy Future after it took on massive debt in the buyout.
Texas regulators, worried about what would become of part of the state’s electricity backbone in the hands of private-equity owners, had insisted on shielding Oncor from the financial trouble that was to push Energy Future into chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
Mr. Buffett has dealt with Energy Future before, but his past experience with the company wasn’t a success. Berkshire spent $2.1 billion in 2007 on high-yielding Energy Future Holdings bonds. It sold the bonds in 2013 and lost $873 million pretax on the investment, Mr. Buffett said in his 2013 letter to shareholders.
History of Oncor
- 1984: Three Texas utilities merge and create Texas Utilities Electric Co.
- 2007: KKR, TPG and Goldman Sachs lead the takeover of TXU in largest leveraged buyout in history.
- Early 2012: Natural gas prices plummet to lowest point in 10 years spurred by improvements in fracking technology.
- April 2014: Energy Future and 70 affiliated companies, but not Oncor, file for chapter 11 due to downturn in energy prices.
- July 2016: Energy Future agrees to sell Oncor to NextEra Energy for $18.4 billion.
- April 2017: Public Utility Commission of Texas rejects NextEra’s buyout of Oncor.
- July 2017: Berkshire Hathaway strikes deal to purchase Oncor.
“Most of you have never heard of Energy Future Holdings. Consider yourselves lucky; I certainly wish I hadn’t,” Mr. Buffett wrote in the letter. In a prior letter, he said he had “totally miscalculated the gain/loss probabilities when I purchased the bonds.”
An Oncor purchase would be the acquisition of a business rather than a financial investment.
Energy Future has been trying to sell its 80% stake in Oncor, but Texas regulators have stymied attempts at deals by Hunt Consolidated Inc. of Texas and Florida’s NextEra Energy Inc., leaving the company mired in bankruptcy. Berkshire was also a contender.
Texas regulators said the Hunt-led deal included too much financial engineering to suit them, while NextEra was rejected for insisting on overriding much of the protections that prevented Energy Future from imposing excessive debt on Oncor, and guaranteed the unit kept a separate board of directors.
CreditSights analyst Greg Jones said the restrictions were unlikely to be an issue with Berskshire. “Berkshire will likely go to the regulators hat in hand and say, ‘What can we do for you to make this happen,’ rather than other utilities that were trying to say, ‘It’s our way or the highway,’” he said.
Berkshire Hathaway Energy doesn’t pay dividends to investors, which makes it popular with state regulators, Mr. Buffett has said in shareholder letters.
Terry Hadley, spokesman for the Public Utility Commission of Texas, which was instrumental in blocking the two prior deals for Oncor, declined to comment on the regulatory prospects.
Last year, Mr. Buffett closed his largest deal ever when Berkshire bought industrial company Precision Castparts. The billionaire investor also has joined forces with Brazilian private-equity firm 3G Capital Partners LP to help create a global food empire, merging Kraft and Heinz and making an unsuccessful attempt to buy consumer goods giant Unilever PLC.
An Oncor deal would still leave Berkshire with plenty of cash to spend. The conglomerate held $96.5 billion in cash as of March 31. Mr. Buffett has said he likes to keep a minimum of $20 billion on hand in case of unexpected insurance losses.
Last month, Berkshire made two smaller investments, rescuing struggling Canadian mortgage lender Home Capital Group Inc. and buying a stake in real-estate investment trust Store Capital Corp.
Evercore and Kirkland & Ellis LLP advised Oncor on the deal. Citigroup and Gibson, Dunn& Crutcher LLP advised Berkshire Hathaway on the deal.
Appeared in the July 7, 2017, print edition as ‘Buffett Makes $9 Billion Energy Play.’